As part of what this website was created for - here you should find directions on how to construct a good reflection. (Any feedback would also be welcome - get in touch!)
Reflective Practice Models
"Reflection is a process of reviewing an experience of practice in order to describe, analyse,
evaluate and so inform learning about practice,”
There are a number of different reflective models you can use, depending on what reflection you are constructing.
This model has 6 key points
Describe - Describe the situation
Reflect - Reflect on the experience, feelings, reactions or others
Identify - Identify the main issues, questions, concerns, skills used etc
Link Theory - From above, explain the relevance as to management
Evidence it - Relate this to your theory, explain your justification here
Develop practice - Discuss and analyse the practice, any learning points or other questions
The example above is based on the Davis Model.
Discroll's 'What' Model
What did I do, see?
What did others do?
What is the purpose of reflecting?
What were my reactions?
Analyse the event
How did I feel at the time?
Are my feelings different now?
What did others feel?
What impacts did the things make I did/did not do?
What positives emerge?
What have I noticed about my practice?
"The more reflective you are, the more effective you are."
Hall and Simeral.
What do I propose to do now?
What are the implications for practice based on what I have now described and analysed for myself and other clinicians?
What help do I need to action or review my results of reflections?
How will I notice I am different in practice?
Where can I get more information from, if I am faced with the same situation again?
What is the main learning that I take from reflecting?
Gibbs' Model of Reflective Practice
Gibbs' has a straightforward approach to reflective practice with 4 simple steps.
What was the event, what happened?
How did you feel about it?
What could be done differently? (Any issues?)
What are you going to do?
What was I trying to achieve?
“A window through which the practitioner can view and focus self within the context of his/ her
own lived experience in ways that enable him/her to confront, understand and work towards
resolving the contradictions within his/her practice between what is desirable and actual
Why did I respond the way I did?
How did I make the patient feel?
How did I know this?
How did I feel?
What factors influenced me?
What knowledge did, or should have informed me?
Has this changed me?
How did my actions match my beliefs?
Can I support others and myself better?
What would the consequences be of alternative action to the patient, others and me?
How does this connect to previous experiences?
Could I handle this better in similar situations?