As part of what this website was created for - here you should find directions on how to construct a good reflection. (Any feedback would also be welcome - get in touch!)

Reflective Practice Models

"Reflection is a process of reviewing an experience of practice in order to describe, analyse,
evaluate and so inform learning about practice,”
Reid (1993).

There are a number of different reflective models you can use, depending on what reflection you are constructing. 

Davis Model 

This model has 6 key points 
 

  • Describe - Describe the situation

  • Reflect - Reflect on the experience, feelings, reactions or others

  • Identify - Identify the main issues, questions, concerns, skills used etc

  • Link Theory - From above, explain the relevance as to management 

  • Evidence it - Relate this to your theory, explain your justification here

  • Develop practice - Discuss and analyse the practice, any learning points or other questions

The example above is based on the Davis Model.

Discroll's 'What' Model

 

What?

So what?

Now what?

  • What happened?

  • What did I do, see?

  • What did others do?

  • What is the purpose of reflecting?

  • What were my reactions?

  • Analyse the event

  • How did I feel at the time?

  • Are my feelings different now?

  • What did others feel?

  • What impacts did the things make I did/did not do?

  • What positives emerge?

  • What have I noticed about my practice?

"The more reflective you are, the more effective you are."

Hall and Simeral.

  • What do I propose to do now?

  • What are the implications for practice based on what I have now described and analysed for myself and other clinicians?

  • What help do I need to action or review my results of reflections?

  • How will I notice I am different in practice?

  • Where can I get more information from, if I am faced with the same situation again?

  • What is the main learning that I take from reflecting?

Gibbs' Model of Reflective Practice

Gibbs' has a straightforward approach to reflective practice with 4 simple steps.

DESCRIBE

What was the event, what happened?

EVALUATION

How did you feel about it?

ANALYSIS

What could be done differently? (Any issues?)

ACTION/CONCLUSION

What are you going to do?

John's Model

What was I trying to achieve?

“A window through which the practitioner can view and focus self within the context of his/ her
own lived experience in ways that enable him/her to confront, understand and work towards
resolving the contradictions within his/her practice between what is desirable and actual
practice,”
Johns (2000)

Aesthetics

Why did I respond the way I did?

Consequenses

How did I make the patient feel?

How did I know this?

Personal

How did I feel?

What factors influenced me?

Empirics

What knowledge did, or should have informed me?

Has this changed me?

How did my actions match my beliefs? 

Ethics

Can I support others and myself better?

Reflexivity

What would the consequences be of alternative action to the patient, others and me?

How does this connect to previous experiences?

Could I handle this better in similar situations?

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